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pytorch之inception_v3的实现案例

时间:2020-01-07 08:17:13  来源:优讯网  作者:小卡司  浏览次数:
今天小编就为大家分享一篇pytorch之inception_v3的实现案例,具有很好的参考价值,希望对大家有所帮助。一起跟随小编过来看看吧

如下所示:

 
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from __future__ import print_function
from __future__ import division
import torch
import torch.nn as nn
import torch.optim as optim
import numpy as np
import torchvision
from torchvision import datasets, models, transforms
import matplotlib.pyplot as plt
import time
import os
import copy
import argparse
print("PyTorch Version: ",torch.__version__)
print("Torchvision Version: ",torchvision.__version__)
 
 
# Top level data directory. Here we assume the format of the directory conforms
#  to the ImageFolder structure

数据集路径,路径下的数据集分为训练集和测试集,也就是train 以及val,train下分为两类数据1,2,val集同理

 
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data_dir = "/home/dell/Desktop/data/切割图像"
# Models to choose from [resnet, alexnet, vgg, squeezenet, densenet, inception]
model_name = "inception"
# Number of classes in the dataset
num_classes = 2#两类数据1,2
 
# Batch size for training (change depending on how much memory you have)
batch_size = 32#batchsize尽量选取合适,否则训练时会内存溢出
 
# Number of epochs to train for
num_epochs = 1000
 
# Flag for feature extracting. When False, we finetune the whole model,
#  when True we only update the reshaped layer params
feature_extract = True
 
# 参数设置,使得我们能够手动输入命令行参数,就是让风格变得和Linux命令行差不多
parser = argparse.ArgumentParser(description='PyTorch inception')
parser.add_argument('--outf', default='/home/dell/Desktop/dj/inception/',
help='folder to output images and model checkpoints') #输出结果保存路径
parser.add_argument('--net', default='/home/dell/Desktop/dj/inception/
inception.pth'
,
help="path to net (to continue training)") #恢复训练时的模型路径
args = parser.parse_args()


训练函数

 
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def train_model(model, dataloaders, criterion, optimizer, num_epochs=25,
is_inception
=False):
 
  since = time.time()
 
  val_acc_history = []
   
  best_model_wts = copy.deepcopy(model.state_dict())
  best_acc = 0.0
  print("Start Training, InceptionV3!")
  with open("acc.txt", "w") as f1:
    with open("log.txt", "w")as f2:
      for epoch in range(num_epochs):
        print('Epoch {}/{}'.format(epoch+1, num_epochs))
        print('*' * 10)
        # Each epoch has a training and validation phase
        for phase in ['train', 'val']:
          if phase == 'train':
            model.train() # Set model to training mode
          else:
            model.eval()  # Set model to evaluate mode
     
          running_loss = 0.0
          running_corrects = 0
     
          # Iterate over data.
          for inputs, labels in dataloaders[phase]:
            inputs = inputs.to(device)
            labels = labels.to(device)
     
            # zero the parameter gradients
            optimizer.zero_grad()
     
            # forward
            # track history if only in train
            with torch.set_grad_enabled(phase == 'train'):
               
              if is_inception and phase == 'train':
                # From https://discuss.pytorch.org/t/how-to-optimize
-inception-model-with-auxiliary-classifiers/7958

                outputs, aux_outputs = model(inputs)
                loss1 = criterion(outputs, labels)
                loss2 = criterion(aux_outputs, labels)
                loss = loss1 + 0.4*loss2
              else:
                outputs = model(inputs)
                loss = criterion(outputs, labels)
     
              _, preds = torch.max(outputs, 1)
     
              # backward + optimize only if in training phase
              if phase == 'train':
                loss.backward()
                optimizer.step()
     
            # statistics
            running_loss += loss.item() * inputs.size(0)
            running_corrects += torch.sum(preds == labels.data)
          epoch_loss = running_loss / len(dataloaders[phase].dataset)
          epoch_acc = running_corrects.double() / len(dataloaders[phase]
.dataset)

     
          print('{} Loss: {:.4f} Acc: {:.4f}'.format(phase, epoch_loss,
epoch_acc))

          f2.write('{} Loss: {:.4f} Acc: {:.4f}'.format(phase, epoch_loss,
epoch_acc))

          f2.write('\n')
          f2.flush()          
          # deep copy the model
          if phase == 'val':
            if (epoch+1)%50==0:
              #print('Saving model......')
              torch.save(model.state_dict(), '%s/inception_%03d.pth' %
(args.outf, epoch + 1))
            f1.write("EPOCH=%03d,Accuracy= %.3f%%" % (epoch + 1, epoch_acc))
            f1.write('\n')
            f1.flush()
          if phase == 'val' and epoch_acc > best_acc:
            f3 = open("best_acc.txt", "w")
            f3.write("EPOCH=%d,best_acc= %.3f%%" % (epoch + 1,epoch_acc))
            f3.close()
            best_acc = epoch_acc
            best_model_wts = copy.deepcopy(model.state_dict())
          if phase == 'val':
            val_acc_history.append(epoch_acc)
 
  time_elapsed = time.time() - since
  print('Training complete in {:.0f}m {:.0f}s'.format(time_elapsed // 60,
time_elapsed
% 60))
  print('Best val Acc: {:4f}'.format(best_acc))
  # load best model weights
  model.load_state_dict(best_model_wts)
  return model, val_acc_history
 
 #是否更新参数
def set_parameter_requires_grad(model, feature_extracting):
  if feature_extracting:
    for param in model.parameters():
      param.requires_grad = False
 
 
 
def initialize_model(model_name, num_classes, feature_extract, use_pretrained=True):
  # Initialize these variables which will be set in this if statement. Each of these
  #  variables is model specific.
  model_ft = None
  input_size = 0
 
  if model_name == "resnet":
    """ Resnet18
    """
    model_ft = models.resnet18(pretrained=use_pretrained)
    set_parameter_requires_grad(model_ft, feature_extract)
    num_ftrs = model_ft.fc.in_features
    model_ft.fc = nn.Linear(num_ftrs, num_classes)
    input_size = 224
 
  elif model_name == "alexnet":
    """ Alexnet
    """
    model_ft = models.alexnet(pretrained=use_pretrained)
    set_parameter_requires_grad(model_ft, feature_extract)
    num_ftrs = model_ft.classifier[6].in_features
    model_ft.classifier[6] = nn.Linear(num_ftrs,num_classes)
    input_size = 224
 
  elif model_name == "vgg":
    """ VGG11_bn
    """
    model_ft = models.vgg11_bn(pretrained=use_pretrained)
    set_parameter_requires_grad(model_ft, feature_extract)
    num_ftrs = model_ft.classifier[6].in_features
    model_ft.classifier[6] = nn.Linear(num_ftrs,num_classes)
    input_size = 224
 
  elif model_name == "squeezenet":
    """ Squeezenet
    """
    model_ft = models.squeezenet1_0(pretrained=use_pretrained)
    set_parameter_requires_grad(model_ft, feature_extract)
    model_ft.classifier[1] = nn.Conv2d(512, num_classes, kernel_size=(1,1),
stride
=(1,1))
    model_ft.num_classes = num_classes
    input_size = 224
 
  elif model_name == "densenet":
    """ Densenet
    """
    model_ft = models.densenet121(pretrained=use_pretrained)
    set_parameter_requires_grad(model_ft, feature_extract)
    num_ftrs = model_ft.classifier.in_features
    model_ft.classifier = nn.Linear(num_ftrs, num_classes)
    input_size = 224
 
  elif model_name == "inception":
    """ Inception v3
    Be careful, expects (299,299) sized images and has auxiliary output
    """
    model_ft = models.inception_v3(pretrained=use_pretrained)
    set_parameter_requires_grad(model_ft, feature_extract)
    # Handle the auxilary net
    num_ftrs = model_ft.AuxLogits.fc.in_features
    model_ft.AuxLogits.fc = nn.Linear(num_ftrs, num_classes)
    # Handle the primary net
    num_ftrs = model_ft.fc.in_features
    model_ft.fc = nn.Linear(num_ftrs,num_classes)
    input_size = 299
 
  else:
    print("Invalid model name, exiting...")
    exit()
   
  return model_ft, input_size
 
# Initialize the model for this run
model_ft, input_size = initialize_model(model_name, num_classes, feature_extract,
use_pretrained
=True)
 
# Print the model we just instantiated
#print(model_ft)
 
 
#准备数据
data_transforms = {
  'train': transforms.Compose([
    transforms.RandomResizedCrop(input_size),
    transforms.RandomHorizontalFlip(),
    transforms.ToTensor(),
    transforms.Normalize([0.485, 0.456, 0.406], [0.229, 0.224, 0.225])
  ]),
  'val': transforms.Compose([
    transforms.Resize(input_size),
    transforms.CenterCrop(input_size),
    transforms.ToTensor(),
    transforms.Normalize([0.485, 0.456, 0.406], [0.229, 0.224, 0.225])
  ]),
}
 
print("Initializing Datasets and Dataloaders...")
 
 
# Create training and validation datasets
image_datasets = {x: datasets.ImageFolder(os.path.join(data_dir, x),
data_transforms[x])
for x in ['train', 'val']}
# Create training and validation dataloaders
dataloaders_dict = {x: torch.utils.data.DataLoader(image_datasets[x],
batch_size
=batch_size, shuffle=True, num_workers=0) for x in ['train', 'val']}
 
# Detect if we have a GPU available
device = torch.device("cuda:0" if torch.cuda.is_available() else "cpu")
'''
是否加载之前训练过的模型
we='/home/dell/Desktop/dj/inception_050.pth'
model_ft.load_state_dict(torch.load(we))
'''
# Send the model to GPU
model_ft = model_ft.to(device)
 
params_to_update = model_ft.parameters()
print("Params to learn:")
if feature_extract:
  params_to_update = []
  for name,param in model_ft.named_parameters():
    if param.requires_grad == True:
      params_to_update.append(param)
      print("\t",name)
else:
  for name,param in model_ft.named_parameters():
    if param.requires_grad == True:
      print("\t",name)
 
# Observe that all parameters are being optimized
optimizer_ft = optim.SGD(params_to_update, lr=0.001, momentum=0.9)
# Decay LR by a factor of 0.1 every 7 epochs
#exp_lr_scheduler = lr_scheduler.StepLR(optimizer_ft, step_size=30, gamma=0.95)
 
# Setup the loss fxn
criterion = nn.CrossEntropyLoss()
 
# Train and evaluate
model_ft, hist = train_model(model_ft, dataloaders_dict, criterion, optimizer_ft,
num_epochs
=num_epochs, is_inception=(model_name=="inception"))
 
'''
#随机初始化时的训练程序
# Initialize the non-pretrained version of the model used for this run
scratch_model,_ = initialize_model(model_name, num_classes, feature_extract=False,
use_pretrained=False)

scratch_model = scratch_model.to(device)
scratch_optimizer = optim.SGD(scratch_model.parameters(), lr=0.001, momentum=0.9)
scratch_criterion = nn.CrossEntropyLoss()
_,scratch_hist = train_model(scratch_model, dataloaders_dict, scratch_criterion,
scratch_optimizer, num_epochs=num_epochs, is_inception=(model_name=="inception"))

 
# Plot the training curves of validation accuracy vs. number
# of training epochs for the transfer learning method and
# the model trained from scratch
ohist = []
shist = []
 
ohist = [h.cpu().numpy() for h in hist]
shist = [h.cpu().numpy() for h in scratch_hist]
 
plt.title("Validation Accuracy vs. Number of Training Epochs")
plt.xlabel("Training Epochs")
plt.ylabel("Validation Accuracy")
plt.plot(range(1,num_epochs+1),ohist,label="Pretrained")
plt.plot(range(1,num_epochs+1),shist,label="Scratch")
plt.ylim((0,1.))
plt.xticks(np.arange(1, num_epochs+1, 1.0))
plt.legend()
plt.show()
'''

以上这篇pytorch之inception_v3的实现案例就是小编分享给大家的全部内容了,希望能给大家一个参考

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