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官方写 Python 的案例 pyspark 调 kafka

时间:2020-01-20 08:16:16  来源:优讯网  作者:小卡司  浏览次数:

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# this work for additional information regarding copyright ownership.
# The ASF licenses this file to You under the Apache License, Version 2.0
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# the License.  You may obtain a copy of the License at
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"""
 Consumes messages from one or more topics in Kafka and does wordcount.
 Usage: structured_kafka_wordcount.py <bootstrap-servers> <subscribe-type> <topics>
   <bootstrap-servers> The Kafka "bootstrap.servers" configuration. A
   comma-separated list of host:port.
   <subscribe-type> There are three kinds of type, i.e. 'assign', 'subscribe',
   'subscribePattern'.
   |- <assign> Specific TopicPartitions to consume. Json string
   |  {"topicA":[0,1],"topicB":[2,4]}.
   |- <subscribe> The topic list to subscribe. A comma-separated list of
   |  topics.
   |- <subscribePattern> The pattern used to subscribe to topic(s).
   |  Java regex string.
   |- Only one of "assign, "subscribe" or "subscribePattern" options can be
   |  specified for Kafka source.
   <topics> Different value format depends on the value of 'subscribe-type'.

 Run the example
    `$ bin/spark-submit examples/src/main/python/sql/streaming/structured_kafka_
wordcount.py \
    host1:port1,host2:port2 subscribe topic1,topic2`
"""
from __future__ import print_function

import sys

from pyspark.sql import SparkSession
from pyspark.sql.functions import explode
from pyspark.sql.functions import split

if __name__ == "__main__":
    if len(sys.argv) != 4:
        print("""
        Usage: structured_kafka_wordcount.py <bootstrap-servers> <subscribe-type>
<topics>
        """, file=sys.stderr)
        sys.exit(-1)

    bootstrapServers = sys.argv[1]
    subscribeType = sys.argv[2]
    topics = sys.argv[3]

    spark = SparkSession\
        .builder\
        .appName("StructuredKafkaWordCount")\
        .getOrCreate()

    # Create DataSet representing the stream of input lines from kafka
    lines = spark\
        .readStream\
        .format("kafka")\
        .option("kafka.bootstrap.servers", bootstrapServers)\
        .option(subscribeType, topics)\
        .load()\
        .selectExpr("CAST(value AS STRING)")

    # Split the lines into words
    words = lines.select(
        # explode turns each item in an array into a separate row
        explode(
            split(lines.value, ' ')
        ).alias('word')
    )

    # Generate running word count
    wordCounts = words.groupBy('word').count()

    # Start running the query that prints the running counts to the console
    query = wordCounts\
        .writeStream\
        .outputMode('complete')\
        .format('console')\
        .start()

    query.awaitTermination()

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