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使用python图形模块turtle库绘制樱花、玫瑰、圣诞树代码实例

时间:2020-03-17 10:26:49  来源:优讯网  作者:小卡司  浏览次数:
这篇文章主要介绍了用python绘制樱花、玫瑰、圣诞树代码实例,需要的朋友可以参考下

今天为大家介绍几个Python“装逼”实例代码,python绘制樱花、玫瑰、圣诞树代码实例,主要使用了turtle库

Python绘制樱花代码实例

动态生成樱花

效果图(这个是动态的):

实现代码

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import turtle as T
import random
import time
# 画樱花的躯干(60,t)
def Tree(branch, t):
  time.sleep(0.0005)
  if branch > 3:
    if 8 <= branch <= 12:
      if random.randint(0, 2) == 0:
        t.color('snow') # 白
      else:
        t.color('lightcoral') # 淡珊瑚色
      t.pensize(branch / 3)
    elif branch < 8:
      if random.randint(0, 1) == 0:
        t.color('snow')
      else:
        t.color('lightcoral') # 淡珊瑚色
      t.pensize(branch / 2)
    else:
      t.color('sienna') # 赭(zhě)色
      t.pensize(branch / 10) # 6
    t.forward(branch)
    a = 1.5 * random.random()
    t.right(20 * a)
    b = 1.5 * random.random()
    Tree(branch - 10 * b, t)
    t.left(40 * a)
    Tree(branch - 10 * b, t)
    t.right(20 * a)
    t.up()
    t.backward(branch)
    t.down()
# 掉落的花瓣
def Petal(m, t):
  for i in range(m):
    a = 200 - 400 * random.random()
    b = 10 - 20 * random.random()
    t.up()
    t.forward(b)
    t.left(90)
    t.forward(a)
    t.down()
    t.color('lightcoral') # 淡珊瑚色
    t.circle(1)
    t.up()
    t.backward(a)
    t.right(90)
    t.backward(b)
# 绘图区域
t = T.Turtle()
# 画布大小
w = T.Screen()
t.hideturtle() # 隐藏画笔
t.getscreen().tracer(5, 0)
w.screensize(bg='wheat') # wheat小麦
t.left(90)
t.up()
t.backward(150)
t.down()
t.color('sienna')
# 画樱花的躯干
Tree(60, t)
# 掉落的花瓣
Petal(200, t)
w.exitonclick()

飘落效果

效果图:

代码:

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from turtle import *
from random import *
from math import *
def tree(n,l):
  pd()#下笔
  #阴影效果
  t = cos(radians(heading()+45))/8+0.25
  pencolor(t,t,t)
  pensize(n/3)
  forward(l)#画树枝
  if n>0:
    b = random()*15+10 #右分支偏转角度
    c = random()*15+10 #左分支偏转角度
    d = l*(random()*0.25+0.7) #下一个分支的长度
    #右转一定角度,画右分支
    right(b)
    tree(n-1,d)
    #左转一定角度,画左分支
    left(b+c)
    tree(n-1,d)
    #转回来
    right(c)
  else:
    #画叶子
    right(90)
    n=cos(radians(heading()-45))/4+0.5
    pencolor(n,n*0.8,n*0.8)
    circle(3)
    left(90)
    #添加0.3倍的飘落叶子
    if(random()>0.7):
      pu()
      #飘落
      t = heading()
      an = -40 +random()*40
      setheading(an)
      dis = int(800*random()*0.5 + 400*random()*0.3 + 200*random()*0.2)
      forward(dis)
      setheading(t)
      #画叶子
      pd()
      right(90)
      n = cos(radians(heading()-45))/4+0.5
      pencolor(n*0.5+0.5,0.4+n*0.4,0.4+n*0.4)
      circle(2)
      left(90)
      pu()
      #返回
      t=heading()
      setheading(an)
      backward(dis)
      setheading(t)
  pu()
  backward(l)#退回
bgcolor(0.5,0.5,0.5)#背景色
ht()#隐藏turtle
speed(0)#速度 1-10渐进,0 最快
tracer(0,0)
pu()#抬笔
backward(100)
left(90)#左转90度
pu()#抬笔
backward(300)#后退300
tree(12,100)#递归7层
done()

暗色效果

效果:

代码

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from turtle import *
from random import *
from math import *
def tree(n, l):
  pd()
  t = cos(radians(heading() + 45)) / 8 + 0.25
  pencolor(t, t, t)
  pensize(n / 4)
  forward(l)
  if n > 0:
    b = random() * 15 + 10
    c = random() * 15 + 10
    d = l * (random() * 0.35 + 0.6)
    right(b)
    tree(n - 1, d)
    left(b + c)
    tree(n - 1, d)
    right(c)
  else:
    right(90)
    n = cos(radians(heading() - 45)) / 4 + 0.5
    pencolor(n, n, n)
    circle(2)
    left(90)
  pu()
  backward(l)
bgcolor(0.5, 0.5, 0.5)
ht()
speed(0)
tracer(0, 0)
left(90)
pu()
backward(300)
tree(13, 100)
done()

Python绘制玫瑰花代码实例

效果(有绘制过程)

代码

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from turtle import *
import time
setup(1000,800,0,0)
speed(0)
penup()
seth(90)
fd(340)
seth(0)
pendown()
speed(5)
begin_fill()
fillcolor('red')
circle(50,30)
for i in range(10):
  fd(1)
  left(10)
circle(40,40)
for i in range(6):
  fd(1)
  left(3)
circle(80,40)
for i in range(20):
  fd(0.5)
  left(5)
circle(80,45)
for i in range(10):
  fd(2)
  left(1)
circle(80,25)
for i in range(20):
  fd(1)
  left(4)
circle(50,50)
time.sleep(0.1)
circle(120,55)
speed(0)
seth(-90)
fd(70)
right(150)
fd(20)
left(140)
circle(140,90)
left(30)
circle(160,100)
left(130)
fd(25)
penup()
right(150)
circle(40,80)
pendown()
left(115)
fd(60)
penup()
left(180)
fd(60)
pendown()
end_fill()
right(120)
circle(-50,50)
circle(-20,90)
speed(1)
fd(75)
speed(0)
circle(90,110)
penup()
left(162)
fd(185)
left(170)
pendown()
circle(200,10)
circle(100,40)
circle(-52,115)
left(20)
circle(100,20)
circle(300,20)
speed(1)
fd(250)
penup()
speed(0)
left(180)
fd(250)
circle(-300,7)
right(80)
circle(200,5)
pendown()
left(60)
begin_fill()
fillcolor('green')
circle(-80,100)
right(90)
fd(10)
left(20)
circle(-63,127)
end_fill()
penup()
left(50)
fd(20)
left(180)
pendown()
circle(200,25)
penup()
right(150)
fd(180)
right(40)
pendown()
begin_fill()
fillcolor('green')
circle(-100,80)
right(150)
fd(10)
left(60)
circle(-80,98)
end_fill()
penup()
left(60)
fd(13)
left(180)
pendown()
speed(1)
circle(-200,23)
exitonclick()

Python绘制圣诞树代码实例

圣诞树 (动态生成效果)

代码:

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from turtle import *
import random
import time
n = 100.0
speed("fastest")
screensize(bg='seashell')
left(90)
forward(3*n)
color("orange", "yellow")
begin_fill()
left(126)
for i in range(5):
  forward(n/5)
  right(144)
  forward(n/5)
  left(72)
end_fill()
right(126)
color("dark green")
backward(n*4.8)
def tree(d, s):
  if d <= 0: return
  forward(s)
  tree(d-1, s*.8)
  right(120)
  tree(d-3, s*.5)
  right(120)
  tree(d-3, s*.5)
  right(120)
  backward(s)
tree(15, n)
backward(n/2)
for i in range(200):
  a = 200 - 400 * random.random()
  b = 10 - 20 * random.random()
  up()
  forward(b)
  left(90)
  forward(a)
  down()
  if random.randint(0, 1) == 0:
      color('tomato')
  else:
    color('wheat')
  circle(2)
  up()
  backward(a)
  right(90)
  backward(b)
time.sleep(60)

本文主要介绍了Python使用turtle库绘制樱花、玫瑰、圣诞树代码实例

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原文链接:https://www.jb51.net/article/182819.htm


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